PAGE country stories Mongolia


Mongolia is facing significant fiscal challenges combined with environmental and social problems such as high levels of air pollution, poor public transport provision, and increasing inequality. The Government of Mongolia is committed to exploring options for alternative economic growth based on environmental sustainability and social inclusiveness. To facilitate this transition, the Parliament of Mongolia approved the National Green Development Policy (GDP) in 2014 and the Action Plan for GDP implementation in January 2016.

The Government aims to maintain economic growth by advancing green development to create income and jobs, reduce poverty and inequality, and strengthen the ecological foundations of the economy. Mongolia was the first country to join PAGE in 2013 and is leading the way in reframing its economic policies around sustainability. 

In 2016, PAGE will continue to support Mongolia in an analysis of bottlenecks for the implementation of the GDP, integration of green economy into aimag (province) level development plans, streamlining of GDP, INDC and SDG indicators, and greening of key sectors including waste and green finance, among others.

Mongolia’s Transition to an Inclusive Green Economy

In June 2014, the State Great Khural (Parliament of Mongolia) approved the Green Development Policy (GDP) for Mongolia. The GDP aims to ensure that green development becomes one of Mongolia’s fundamental goals. The GDP has determined goals and objectives for green development up to 2030 and outlines actions to ensure these goals are achieved. The PAGE partnership in Mongolia has directly linked the development and implementation of the GDP, by providing technical support, fostering political commitment, and modelling economic, social and environmental implications of GDP targets. The partnership advances policy development and reform in specific sectors and thematic areas, such as green construction and sustainable public procurement.

PAGE objective in Mongolia

PAGE supports the implementation of the Green Development Policy by providing policy analysis in support of macroeconomic and sectoral policy reforms. By offering a suite of technical assistance and advisory services, strengthening capacities to finance and implement inclusive green economy initiatives, supporting knowledge sharing, and providing access to global tools and training programmes on green economy.

PAGE is currently supporting Mongolia through:

1. Green Economy Modelling and Policy Assessment

Working with the Ministry of Environment, Green Development, and Tourism (MEGDT) and the Ministry of Finance, PAGE is supporting capacity building for long-term macro-economic planning and forecasting through system dynamics modelling linked to the Green Development Policy. 

2. Green Development Indicators

The National Statistics Office of Mongolia and MEGDT, together with PAGE partners are developing and supporting the adoption of green economy indicators and measurements, taking into account the Sustainable Development Goals.

Targets of Mongolia’s Green Development Policy:

3. Sustainable Public Procurement

Led by the Ministry of Finance, this workstream focuses on the inclusion of sustainability in the national legal framework for public procurement. In 2015, PAGE supported the finalization of a set of proposed amendments to the public procurement law.

4. Green Schools and Kindergarten

Under the leadership of the Ministry of Construction and Urban Development, PAGE is supporting the development of green building codes and policies in Mongolia, to be applied to new education buildings constructed with public funds.1n 2015, PAGE supported the drafting of guidelines for green school buildings. 

5. National Waste Management Strategy

PAGE partners are supporting applied research to explore recycling opportunities under the National Waste Strategy Development Process led by MEGDT. In 2015, an industrial waste inventory was completed. 

6. Green Economy Learning Strategy

MEDGT, the National University of Mongolia are working together to develop a National Green Learning Strategy and deliver trainings through national institutions. A draft of the learning straetgy was completed in 2015. 

7. Mobilising Finance for Sustainable Development

PAGE is supporting the Mongolian banking sector in the development of green and inclusive financial products and services, and mobilising finance for achieving national development goals in partnership with UNEP Finance Initiative. 


SDG and Natural Resource Indicators Workshop and Training

Mongolia Mobilizes Partnerships for Green Development


National Forum on Sustainable Finance A Road to Green and Sustainable Development: Policy, Planning, and Measurement Workshop

National Green Economy Week and High Level Meeting

Workshop to review Green Economy modelling


Green Economy Policy Assessment, Learning and Indicators Workstream initiated

Sustainable Public Procurement and Green School Workstreams Initiated

Page Mongolia Stocktaking Report and Green Jobs Mapping completed


PAGE Inception Week and Planning Workshop
High-Level Forum on Green Development and PAGE in Mongolian Parliament

Mongolia joins PAGE